Osseous surgery is a procedure that treats periodontics and reshapes the bone, which holds your teeth in place. Patients with periodontitis experience defects in the bone structure around their teeth. The osseous surgery can successfully remove those defects. Prior to the surgery, the dentist will have the patient undergo a periodontal treatment that consists of scaling and root planning. During this procedure, local anesthetics are administered to minimize the pain and discomfort for the patient. Once the roots are thoroughly cleaned, the dentist uses a drill and other sharp dental tools to reshape the bone surrounding the teeth. Depending on the extent of the defects, the deformed bone is sometimes removed, while the rest is shaped. Bone grafting material from the roof of the patient’s mouth is used where the defects are too large to be treated with only reshaping. Once the bones are restructured and shaped back to their original state, the gums are stitched together again. Osseous Grafting surgery is a routine procedure with a high success and patient satisfaction rate.